MLA are members of the legislative assembly of their respective states. They are chosen through voting by voters from their separate area. People select MLA or members of the legislative assembly for representing them in the legislative assembly of their states. But, What is the full form of MLA?
MLA full form stands for Member of the Legislative Assembly. MLA are chosen their people to represent them. After selecting MLA, they, in turn, select the Chief Minister or CM of the state. The party who has most of MLA forms their government. The MLA then select their respective CM.
Whichever political party, who has got more MLA, forms the government and rules the state for 5 years. These MLAs sits in the legislative assembly and forms rules and regulation for their respective state.
MLA Salary in India
Highest Salary of MLA is Rs. 2,50,000 per month(In Telangana)
Member of the legislative Assembly salary varies from state to state. MLAs of Telangana gets the highest salary of Rs. 2,50,000 per month whereas MLAs of Arunachal Pradesh gets the lowest salary of Rs. 25,000 per month.
The salary of MLA in India is above Rs. 1,00,000 easily. MLA’s remuneration consists of the following parts-
- Basic salary
- Dearness allowance(DA)
- House rent allowance(HRA)
- Travel Allowance
- Constituency Allowance
- Contingency Allowance
- Secretarial Allowance
- Conveyance Allowance
- Telephone Facilities and Allowances
So we can see different allowances which MLAs get.
MLA Salary in India According to States
|State||MLA Salary(Rs.) per month|
|Jammu and Kashmir||1,60,000|
So we have seen the salaries of all states MLAs throughout India. The salary varies throughout India, and it is dependent on state only. Some state MLAs got very high salary whereas some state MLAs gets very less. Salary of Telangana MLAs is the highest among all other states MLA. Whereas Arunachal Pradesh MLAs got the lowest salary.
We can easily say that the average salary of MLAs throughout India crosses Rs. 1,00,000 per month.
How to Become MLA
The requirement for becoming MLA or Member of the legislative Assembly is mentioned below. Although any Indian citizen can become MLA, there are some requirements which he or she needs to follow-
- Interested candidate must be a citizen of India.
- He or she should be 25 years old, at least.
- As per the representation of the people act 1951 the candidate must be an elector for any constituency in the state he is representing from.
- Interested candidate must not hold an office of interest under the Government of India.
- Interested candidate must be of sound mind and not a lunatic.
- Representation of the people acts in 1951 states that any MLA found guilty and convicted by court can’t remain on his/her MLA post.
- Last but most importantly, the person should win the state assembly election from his/her consistency.
No requirement is very tough to attain. These are extremely basic requirements for becoming MLA in your respective state. The person needs to win the state assembly election to get the post of MLA or Member of the legislative assembly. After winning, he or she can behold his/her position of MLA for 5 years before another election happens.
1. Legislative Power- MLAs can make laws for States. They can exercise their powers on the state list. The state list contains important subjects like Trade, commerce, irrigation, development and agriculture. They also exercise their influence on Concurrent list, which contain items which are essential for both state and central government. This concurrent list includes Education, adoption, marriage, forest etc.
2. Financial Powers- Financial power in any state is held by Legislative assembly. A money bill can originate and pass in the legislative assembly, and MLA or Member of legislative assembly must provide their consent for any expenses made from the state treasury.
3. Executive Power- MLA or Member of legislative assembly hold executive power also. A vote of no confidence by MLAs in assembly can even force the ruling government to resign. Government is answerable in Legislative assembly and must provide data to MLAs and assembly. So in short, Legislative assembly keeps a check on working of the government.
4. MLAs appoints various Committees to the house.
5. The speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the legislative assembly are elected by voting of MLAs or Member of legislative assembly members.
6. MLAs elect the Rajya Sabha members, who represent a particular state in Rajya sabha.
Q&A on MLA
Q1. What is the full form of MLA
Ans:- MLA Full Form is Member of the Legislative Assembly. also MLA full form in hindi is ” विधान सभा का सदस्य “.
Q2. How many MLA in Tamil Nadu
Ans. The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly has 234 members.
Q3. How many MLA in Maharashtra
Ans.The Maharashtra Legislative Assembly has 288 members.
So we can see that MLAs are an essential part of Indian democracy. They run the state government and are elected by people. Members of the legislative assembly are the one to whom the government is answerable. MLAs can even force the government to resign due to no-confidence vote.
Written by-Aditya Soni